If the person obliged to pay alimony is in Ukraine, there is no real possibility of enforcing the benefit, i.e. forcing the obligee to pay alimony. Moreover, the special act does not give Ukrainian citizens the right to benefit from the maintenance fund.
Such persons can take advantage of benefits under the Act on family benefits intended for single parents.
According to the position of the Ministry of Family and Social Policy, in the course of the benefit procedure, it is necessary to apply to the District Court for recognition of the Ukrainian judgment on the basis of the Convention of November 23, 2007 on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Family Members and Bilateral Agreements. Upon such recognition, the party will have an enforcement title which is necessary to obtain Child Benefit.