The amendment to the Act on Assistance to Ukrainian Citizens in Connection with the Armed Conflict on the Territory of Ukraine, signed in January 2023, repealed the provision entitling Ukrainian citizens to apply for a temporary residence permit for a period of 3 years (repeal of Article 38 of the Act). At present, it can be assumed that Article 42a of the Act, added by the above-mentioned amendment, according to which it will be possible to grant a temporary residence permit for one year, will apply to minors.
The application on behalf of the child will need to be signed by their legal guardian. If a child who has arrived from Ukraine does not have parents or other legal guardians in Poland, it is necessary to apply for the appointment of a temporary guardian to apply for a temporary residence permit on behalf of the child.
The temporary guardian represents the child before courts and authorities and has custody of the child and of the child’s property (Article 25 of the Act of March 12, 2022, on Assistance to Ukrainian Citizens in Connection with the Armed Conflict on the Territory of Ukraine). Learn more about the temporary guardian here: https://ukraina.interwencjaprawna.pl/jak-zostac-opiekunem-tymczasowym-dziecka-z-ukrainy-bez-rodzicow/