Citizens of Ukraine who came to Poland from February 24, 2022 in connection with military operations in Ukraine are subject to the provisions of the so-called Ukrainian Special Act (Act of 12 March 2022 on assistance to Ukrainian citizens in connection with the armed conflict on the territory of that state). On the basis of this act, they may stay in Poland legally until 4.03.2024.
As a result of the publication on January 27, 2023 of the Act of January 13, 2023 amending the Act on assistance to Ukrainian citizens in connection with the armed conflict in the territory of this country and certain other acts, a new regulation was introduced regarding the possibility for persons covered by temporary protection to submit Poland applications for a temporary residence permit in Poland. The amendment provides that Ukrainian citizens enjoying temporary protection in Poland will be able to apply for temporary stay in Poland, if the purpose of their stay in Poland is to perform work, perform work in a profession requiring high qualifications (Blue Card) or run a business. Submission of residence applications by such persons is possible from 1 April 2023.
In the case of persons who entered/stayed in Poland before February 24 (or arrived after this date, but NOT IN CONNECTION with the war, but for other reasons) – they are not covered by the Special Act, so they can apply for a temporary residence permit at any time moment.
In principle, a foreigner may submit an application for temporary residence on the last day of legal stay on the territory of the Republic of Poland at the latest. At present, however, it must be taken into account that the government has extended the legality of stay and work of foreigners on Polish territory.
On the basis of the Special Act on Assistance to Ukrainian Citizens, the validity of residence titles of Ukrainian citizens who were in Poland before February 24, 2022 was extended until 4.03.2024.
It can therefore be assumed that 4.03.2024 is the date by which foreigners who are not covered by temporary protection, and whose visa-free travel, visa or residence card have expired or will expire, will have to submit applications for temporary residence in Poland if they interest in staying in Poland.