As of 11 March 2022, Ukrainian citizens with biometric passports can enter all EU Member States under visa-free travel for a period of 90 days and further legalise their stay there (e.g. use temporary protection). However, it should be remembered that if a citizen of Ukraine started their journey within the EU in Poland and decides to apply for international protection in another Member State – they may (but do not have to) be sent back to Poland. Therefore, upon entering the territory of an EU Member State other than Poland, we advise to consult a lawyer and/or the authorities of that country in order to determine which form of protection or legalization of stay will be the most beneficial in a given case.
As a rule, citizens of Ukraine who do not possess biometric passports cannot travel within the EU under visa-free travel regime. In particular, such travel is not authorised by a 15-day entry permit granted by the Commander of the Border Guard post on the Polish-Ukrainian border. Citizens of Ukraine, without biometric passports, should obtain a visa allowing them to enter the chosen Member State.
However, some countries adopted measures to facilitate the entry of Ukrainian citizens due to the ongoing armed conflict in their country. These steps consist of:
1. Facilitating and accelerating visa procedures for Ukrainian citizens – in this case, Ukrainian
citizens who do not have biometric passports still need to apply for a visa, but this should be
easier and require less time than before;
2. Abolishing the obligation to apply for a visa, while leaving the requirements for other
documents – in this case the possibility of entry without a visa depends on the possession of
documents specified by the country concerned;
3. Allowing entry into a country without a visa and passport, on the basis of, for example, a
birth certificate or other documents enabling the foreigner to be identified.
Some countries have also introduced facilities for third-country nationals who have fled Ukraine due to the ongoing conflict there.
There is no official list of countries to which people fleeing the war in Ukraine can travel freely. Each country decides for itself how much it wants to open up to these people. Moreover, the situation in this regard may change from day to day. Therefore, in order to obtain reliable information on whether and what facilities have been introduced in a particular Member State, it is always advisable to contact the diplomatic mission of the country concerned.
Guidance on which countries have opened up to people fleeing Ukraine, and to what extent, can be found on the websites of diplomatic missions, as well as here: https://ecre.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/Information-Sheet-%E2%80%93-Access-to-territory-asylum-procedures-and-reception-conditions-for-Ukrainian-nationals-in-European-countries.pdf.
NOTE: Having read this document, it is always advisable to consult the diplomatic mission of the country to which you are planning to travel to verify the information contained in this document.
For example, the German Embassy in the Republic of Poland informed that persons who were in Ukraine on 24 February 2022 are allowed to enter and stay in Germany without a visa.
The facilitation also covers refugees and other third-country nationals (see more: https://ukraina.interwencjaprawna.pl/jakie-sa-zasady-wjazdu-do-niemiec/).